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💡 The Burj Khalifa, known as the Burj Dubai before its inauguration in 2010, is a skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
With a total height of 829.8 m and a roof height of 828 m, the Burj Khalifa has been the tallest structure and building in the world since its topping out in 2009, supplanting Taipei 101, the previous holder of that status.
Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed five years later in 2009.
The building’s main structure is reinforced concrete, and some of the steel came from the former East German parliament, the Palace of the Republic in East Berlin.
The building was opened in 2010 as part of a new development called Downtown Dubai.
It is designed to be the centerpiece of large-scale, mixed-use development.
The decision to construct the building is based on the government’s decision to diversify from an oil-based economy and for Dubai to gain international recognition.
The building was originally named Burj Dubai but was renamed in honor of the ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the United Arab Emirates, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan; Abu Dhabi and the UAE government lent Dubai money to pay its debts.
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The United Arab Emirates (UAE; Arabic: الإمارات العربية المتحدة al-ʾImārāt al-ʿArabīyah al-Muttaḥidah), also commonly known as the Emirates (Arabic: الإمارات al-ʾImārāt), is a country in Western Asia located at the eastern end of the Arabian Peninsula.
It borders Oman and Saudi Arabia and has maritime borders in the Persian Gulf with Qatar and Iran.
The UAE is an elective monarchy formed from a federation of seven emirates, Abu Dhabi (which serves as the capital), Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm Al Quwain.
A Sheikh and, together, govern each emirate, they form the Federal Supreme Council; one of them serves as President of the United Arab Emirates.
In 2013, the UAE’s population was 9.2 million, of which 1.4 million were Emirati citizens, and 7.8 million were expatriates; the estimated population in 2020 was 9.89 million.
Islam is the official religion, and Arabic is the official language.
The UAE’s oil and natural gas reserves are the sixth and seventh-largest in the world, respectively. Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the ruler of Abu Dhabi and the country’s first president, oversaw the development of the Emirates by investing oil revenues into healthcare, education, and infrastructure.
The UAE’s economy is the most diversified of all the members of the Gulf Cooperation Council, while its most populous city, Dubai, is a global city and international hub.
The country has become less reliant on oil and gas and is economically focusing on tourism and business.
The UAE government does not levy income tax, and a 5% value-added tax was implemented in 2018.
The UAE is recognized as a regional and middle power.
The UAE is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, OPEC, the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).