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|Hagia Sophia, officially the Holy Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque, and formerly the Church of Hagia Sophia, is a Late Antique place of worship in Istanbul, designed by the Greek geometers Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles.|
Constantinople’s patriarchal cathedral was built in 537 and served as the largest Christian church of the eastern Roman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox Church until 1204, when it became the city’s Latin Catholic cathedral.
In 1453, after the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire, Hagia Sophia was turned into a mosque.
In 1935, the secular Turkish Republic established it as a museum.
In 2020, it re-opened as a mosque.
Built by the Eastern Roman emperor Justinian I as the Christian cathedral of Constantinople for the state church of the Roman Empire between 532 and 537, the church was then the world’s most significant interior space and among the first to employ a full pendentive dome.
It is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and is said to have “changed the history of architecture.”
The present Justinianic building was the third church of the same name to occupy the site, as the prior one had been destroyed in the Nika riots.