Halicarnassus was built to serve as the capital of the kingdom of Caria in southwest Asia Minor.The city is also home to Bodrum Castle, a medieval castle built on top of a much older structure. Bodrum is the site of the ancient city of Halikarnassus, the location of the famous Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (built after 353 BCE) – one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The ancient monument was destroyed by earthquakes in the Middle Ages – some of the remnants can be seen in London’s British Museum.
Until the 1960s, Bodrum was a fisherman’s village. It changed when a number of Turkish intellectuals gathered and talked about it. Bodrum is a fascinating place as it has a pleasing contrast between the Ancient city – where there are discernable fragments everywhere in the town -and a playground for rich Turks and an array of foreign visitors. It is one of the centres of the Turkish Tourist industry and is the market town for the Bodrum Peninsula which consists of a number of towns and villages nestling on the edge of the Coast.
A few other notable people include the prominent social reformer Milli Piyango and her husband, Caliph Mehmed whose tomb lies in the centre of the courtyard.The town has had a long history of exchange with many languages and civilizations. For example: Ancient Greek, Seljuk Turks, Venetian Empire and Ottoman Empire. People Most notable of these was Cevat Sekir ‘The Fisherman of Hallikarnassus’, an Oxford Educated Turk who devoted his time to writing and planting numerous plants and trees which continue to dot the landscape of the Town. His book the ‘Blue Voyage’ describing gullet trips around the Turkish coast, and his descriptions of the astoundingly clear Blue Seas of the Aegean and the delights of a trip around the coasts adjacent to Bodrum inspired a whole generation who have come to emulate his trips.
Bodrum has therefore grown as a sailing destination and thanks to its warm but not humid climate has become a top destination for visitors who enjoy the combination of the ancient past together with all the usual tourist paraphernalia. There are large numbers of shops and restaurants – from humble cafes to exquisite Turkish cuisine served by an array of waiting staff.
All this is very attractive and fun.However, the west side of town is quite different. In this part of Bodrum, the beach is narrow and winds around a steep headland with sharp-topped houses on every little point. About a mile away from the beach there are more beaches at Cornelia Bay, still popular even in wintertime. Modern Bodrum strangely seems to have two contrasting sides to it. The east half of the town has a long thin but reasonable beach, which has been added in the last few years, with the authorities trying and largely succeeding in creating a good beach. Behind the beach lay all the bars, restaurants, and night clubs that are typical of Mediterranean resort towns.
This means open fronted bars that do not come alive until 10PM when everybody goes out. As well as some nice beach fronted bars (e.g. Cafe del Mar being a reasonably chilled out and attractive bar, with attractive staff so that helps) it also has some terrible ones, if you do not like the hard drinking culture of some tourists. It does have some reasonable clubs. Halikarnas being the obvious one as it is huge (4000 people). It also is mostly outdoors and hosts foam parties on regular occasions.
The other half of the town is the west side. This mainly revolves around the Marina and Yacht Club. Here life is a little more sedate with shops catering mainly to those who have stepped off their boats. Expensive supermarkets with proper wine and olive oil as well as the obligatory Helley Hanson to be able to purchase your new jacket. There are a number of nice restaurants if you look hard enough and some good clothes shops. Like all resorts being directly on the sea front increases the prices. During the evenings there is a wonderful atmosphere as the locals and tourists all seem to promenade along the sea front.
There are many cultural events – notably the Ballet Festival in August, a wide range of pop concerts at the Castle or in the Amphitheatre which has been restored in the last few years, having been built some 2,000 years ago.
History of Bodrum
According to Herodotus, born B.C. 484 in Halikarnassus (ancient name for Bodrum), the city was founded by the Dorians. Megarans enlarged the city B.C. 650 and changed its name to Halikarnassus, and then Persians started to rule the city from B.C. 386
Halikarnassus had its glorious days, when it was the capital of the Karia B.C. 353. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Mausoleum, was built there by Artemisia for the memory of King Mausolos.
After the Roman and Byzantium rule for ages, Ottomans have conquered the city in 1522, during the time of Suleyman, The Magnificent. The city was named “Bodrum” after the Turkish Republic was declared.
🏨 Hotels Near Bodrum
|Flora Bodrum Hotel||📍 Gümbet, Dayılar Sk. No:3, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 319 40 00||clubhotelflora.com/|
|Sevin Otel Bodrum||📍 Çarşı, Türk Kuyusu Cd. No:7, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 316 76 82||sevinotel.business.site/|
|DoubleTree by Hilton Bodrum Marina Vista||📍 Eskiçeşme, Neyzen Tevfik Cd. No:168, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 313 03 56||hilton.com/en/hotels/bjvmvdi-doubletree-bodrum-marina-vista/|
|Hotel Centro Bodrum||📍 Eskiçeşme, Cafer Paşa Cd. No:30, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 316 94 26||hotelcentrobodrum.com/|
|Ha La Bodrum||📍 Eskiçeşme, Davulcu Ali Sk. No:17, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 535 507 76 81||halabodrum.com/|
|Eskiceshme Bodrum Marina||📍 Eskicesme Mh, Poyraz Sk. No:10, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 316 25 02||eskiceshme.com/|
|The Elysium Miramar Bodrum||📍 Yokuşbaşı, 1814 sok No:8/A, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 400 00 07||ofton.com.tr/|
|Bodrum Hotels All Inclusive||📍 Gümbet, Gümbet Mahallesi Adnan Menderes Caddesi, Zengin Hüseyin Sk. No:26, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 319 55 16||–|
|Bitez Risa Hotel||📍 Bitez, 1310. Sk. No:4, 48470 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 363 01 81||risaotel.com/|
|Bodrum Bay Resort||📍 Eskiçeşme, Haremtan Sk. No:1, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||📞 +90 252 424 06 16||–|
🎉 Tourist attractions Near Bodrum
|Tarihi Bardakçı Hamamı||📍 Kumbahçe, 32, Dere Sk., 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Public bath|
|Black Island Hot Springs||📍 48440 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Tourist attraction|
|Gulet Bodrum Queen||📍 Bodrum Kalesi, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Tourist attraction|
|Zeki Muren Arts Museum||📍 Kumbahçe, Zeki Müren Cd. No:11, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Museum|
|Bodrum Maritime Museum||📍 Çarşı Mah, Nazım Hikmet Sk. No:4 D:1, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Museum|
|Bodrum Museum Of Underwater Archaeology||📍 Çarşı Mh., 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Archaeological museum|
|Halicarnassus Ancient City||📍 Yeniköy, Kıbrıs Şehitleri Cd., 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Historical place|
|Fransız Kulesi||📍 Çarşı, 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Tourist attraction|
|Mausoleum at Halicarnassus||📍 Tepecik, Turgut Reis Cd. No:93, 48440 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Historical place|
|Bodrum Castle||📍 Çarşı, Kale Cd., 48400 Bodrum/Muğla, Turkey||Bodrum||Museum|