Daibutsu (大仏, kyūjitai: 大佛) or ‘giant Buddha’ is the Japanese term, often used informally, for large statues of Buddha.
The oldest is that at Asuka-dera (609) and the best-known is that at Tōdai-ji in Nara (752).
Tōdai-ji’s daibutsu is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara and National Treasure.
Where is daibutsu located?
The daibutsu was erected to honor the birth of Shinran who founded the True Pure Land School of Buddhism. It is located in Ushiku, which is northeast of Tokyo.
The Great Buddha of Kamakura (鎌倉大仏, Kamakura Daibutsu) is a bronze statue of Amida Buddha, which stands on the grounds of Kotokuin Temple. With a height of 11.4 meters, it has long been the second tallest bronze Buddha statue in Japan, surpassed only by the statue in Nara’s Todaiji Temple and some recent creations.
The statue was cast in 1252 and originally located inside a large temple hall. However, the temple buildings were destroyed multiple times by typhoons and a tsunami in the 14th and 15th centuries. So, since the late 15th century, the Buddha has been standing in the open air.
The Great Buddha is located a 5-10 minute walk from Hase Station, the third station from Kamakura along the Enoden railway line. The Enoden is a streetcar-like train that connects Kamakura with Enoshima and Fujisawa. Its terminal station in Kamakura is located just next to JR Kamakura Station.