|Location||Pamukkale, Denizli Province, Turkey|
|Founded||early 2nd century BC|
|Abandoned||14th century (final occasion)|
|Periods||Roman Republican to High Medieval|
|Excavation dates||1887, 1957–2008|
|Archaeologists||Carl Humann, Paolo Verzone|
|Criteria||iii, iv, vii|
|Designated||1988 (12th session)|
|UNESCO Region||Europe and North America|
Hierapolis (//; Ancient Greek: Ἱεράπολις, lit. "Holy City") was an ancient Greek city located on hot springs in classical Phrygia in southwestern Anatolia. Its ruins are adjacent to modern Pamukkale in Turkey and currently comprise an archaeological museum. The site has the Tomb of Philip the Apostle.
The hot springs have been used as a spa since the 2nd century BC, with many patrons retiring or dying there. The large necropolis is filled with sarcophagi, most famously that of Marcus Aurelius Ammianos, which bears a relief depicting the earliest known example of a crank and rod mechanism. The great baths were constructed with huge stone blocks without the use of cement and consisted of various closed or open sections linked together. There are deep niches in the inner section,[clarification needed] including the bath, library, and gymnasium.
It was added as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988.