Japan (日本, Nippon or Nihon) is an archipelago country in East Asia, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean.
It is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south.
Part of the Ring of Fire, Japan spans an archipelago of 6852 islands covering 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 sq mi); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa.
Tokyo is Japan’s metropolis and largest city; other major cities include Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.
Japan is divided into 47 administrative prefectures and eight traditional regions.
The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world, with more than 37.4 million residents.
Japan is the eleventh most crowded country in the world, as well as one of the most densely populated and urbanized.
About three-fourths of the country’s terrain is mountainous, concentrating its population of 125.36 million on narrow coastal plains.
Japan has been inhabited since the Upper Paleolithic period (30,000 BC), though the first written mention of the archipelago appears in a Chinese chronicle finished in the 2nd century AD.
Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an emperor and the imperial court based in Heian-kyō.
Starting in the 12th century, political authority was held by a series of military dictators (shōgun) and feudal lords (daimyō), and enforced by a class of warrior nobility (samurai).
After a century-long period of civil war, the country was reunified in 1603 under the Tokugawa shogunate, which enacted an isolationist foreign policy.
In 1854, a United States fleet pushed Japan to open trade to the West, which led to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, the Empire of Japan adopted a Western-modeled constitution and pursued a program of industrialization and modernization.
In 1937, Japan invaded China; in 1941, it entered World War II as an Axis power.
After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under a seven-year Allied occupation, during which it adopted a new constitution.
Under the 1947 law, Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a bicameral legislature, the National Diet.
Japan is a magnificent power and a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations (since 1956), the OECD, and the Group of Seven.
Although it has renounced its right to declare war, the country maintains Self-Defense Forces that rank as one of the world’s strongest militaries.
After World War II, Japan experienced record growth in an economic miracle, becoming the second-largest economy in the world by 1990.
As of 2021, the country’s economy is the third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by PPP. Japan has made significant contributions to science and technology, a global leader in automotive and electronics manufacturers.
Rated “very powerful” on the Human Development Index, Japan has the world’s highest life expectancy, though it is experiencing a population decline.
The culture of Japan is well known around the world, including its art, cuisine, music, and popular culture, which encompasses prominent comic, animation, and video game manufacturers.
🏨 Hotels Near Japan
|Mitsui Garden Hotel Jingu-Gaien Tokyo Premier||📍 11-3 Kasumigaokamachi, Shinjuku City, Tokyo 160-0013, Japan 〒160-0013 東京都新宿区霞ヶ丘町１１−3||Shinjuku City||📞 +81 3-5786-1531||gardenhotels.co.jp/jingugaientokyo-premier/|
|Shinjuku Granbell Hotel||📍 2 Chome-14-5 Kabukicho, Shinjuku City, Tokyo 160-0021, Japan 〒160-0021 東京都新宿区歌舞伎町２丁目１４−5||Shinjuku City||📞 +81 3-5155-2666||granbellhotel.jp/shinjuku/|
|Four Seasons Hotel Tokyo At Marunouchi||📍 1 Chome-11-1 Marunouchi, Chiyoda City, Tokyo 100-6277, Japan 〒100-6277 東京都千代田区丸の内１丁目１１−1||Chiyoda City||📞 +81 3-5222-7222||fourseasons.com/tokyo/|
|Keio Plaza Hotel||📍 2 Chome-2-1 Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku City, Tokyo 160-8330, Japan 〒160-8330 東京都新宿区西新宿２丁目２−1||Shinjuku City||📞 +81 3-3344-0111||keioplaza.co.jp/|
|Conrad Tokyo||📍 1 Chome-9-1 Higashishinbashi, Minato City, Tokyo 105-7337, Japan 〒105-7337 東京都港区東新橋１丁目９−1||Minato City||📞 +81 3-6388-8000||hilton.com/en/hotels/tyocici-conrad-tokyo/|
|Cerulean Tower Tokyu Hotel||📍 26-1 Sakuragaokacho, Shibuya City, Tokyo 150-8512, Japan 〒150-8512 東京都渋谷区桜丘町２６−1||Shibuya City||📞 +81 3-3476-3000||tokyuhotels.co.jp/cerulean-h/|
|Palace Hotel Tokyo||📍 1 Chome-1-1 Marunouchi, Chiyoda City, Tokyo 100-0005, Japan 〒100-0005 東京都千代田区丸の内１丁目１−1||Chiyoda City||📞 +81 3-3211-5211||palacehoteltokyo.com/|
|Tokyo Dome Hotel||📍 1 Chome-3-61 Koraku, Bunkyo City, Tokyo 112-8562, Japan 〒112-8562 東京都文京区後楽１丁目３−61||Bunkyo City||📞 +81 3-5805-2111||tokyodome-hotels.co.jp/|
|Shinagawa Prince Hotel||📍 4 Chome-10-30 Takanawa, Minato City, Tokyo 108-8611, Japan 〒108-8611 東京都港区高輪４丁目１０−30||Minato City||📞 +81 3-3440-1111||princehotels.co.jp/shinagawa/|
|Park Hotel Tokyo||📍 Japan, 〒105-7227 Tokyo, Minato City, Higashishinbashi, 1 Chome−7−1 汐留メディアタワー フロント25F 〒105-7227 東京都港区東新橋１丁目７−1 汐留メディアタワー フロント25F||Minato City||📞 +81 3-6252-1111||parkhoteltokyo.com/ja/|