Tondabayashi (富田林市, Tondabayashi-shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan.
The city was founded on April 1, 1950. As of 2016, the city has an estimated population of 112,993 and a population density of 2,800 persons per km². The total area is 39.66 km².
This city is home to the most significant annual fireworks display globally, the PL Art of Fireworks Display. The display consists of a minimum of 100,000 shells fired in less than an hour. Tondabayashi’s sister city is Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
Tondabayashi Jinaimachi (富田林寺内町) is a popular name of the old temple-based town (Jinaimachi) located in Tondabayashi City, Osaka Prefecture, Japan.
It is one of the Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings in Tondabayashi-shi Tondabayashi (富田林市富田林重要伝統的建造物群保存地区).
The town has remains of old town blocks from the Sengoku period and several old machiyas (traditional wooden town residences) built from the mid-Edo period on.
A large portion of the historical townscape was selected in 1997 as an Important Preservation District for Groups of Traditional Buildings. In 2018, more land was added to the designation.
Geography of Tondabayashi Jinaimachi
Tondabayashi Jinaimachi is located at the city’s center, on a fluvial terrace at the left bank of the Ishi river and the midstream.
Most of the old town area falls within the jurisdiction of Tondabayashi-cho (富田林町), rest of the area is in Hon-machi(本町).
Tondabayashi-cho adheres fundamentally to the old town since Edo period. The town has an area of 12.9 hectares.
It was formed in an ellipsoidal form, measuring 400m from east to west and 350m from north to south.
The town layout was designed with a grid plan, consisting of 6 streets in a north-south direction and seven streets in an east-west direction.
There are 25 quadrilateral town blocks in the center and 16 irregular town blocks on the outer edge. The relative elevation is about 10m from the river to the town. It used a natural terrace cliff to construct the earthworks(土居, doi) with bamboo groves at the eastern, southern and western edge of the town, and the dug-out moat(堀割, horiwari) at the northern edge.
History of Tondabayashi Jinaimachi
Kosho-ji temple obtained a wasteland of the Tonda(富田) for temple grounds. Kosho-ji temple cooperated with eight headmen (八人衆) to construct a branch temple, town blocks, residences, and dry fields.
They changed the name of Jinaimachi to Tondabayashi(富田林).
In Sengoku period, Kosho-ji branch temple(興正寺別院) and Jinaimachi were granted privileges and immunities by authorities.
Town peoples governed autonomously against a background of the religious authority of Kosho-ji temple.
Over Edo period, though the town forfeited privileges and immunities in the early edo period, the town had been developed as Zaigoumachi(在郷町, merchant town in the countryside).
Many peoples came out from surrounding villages. The town prospered with wealthy merchants who dealt in lumber, cotton, rapeseed oil, and sake.
After Meiji Restoration, the town continued to prosper as the political and commercial center of southern Kawachi.
From the latter Meiji period onward, the town headed gradually declined on the grounds of an opening of railway, land reform, motorization. As a result, it was left out of postwar development. The town brings down the old townscape.